Category Archives: Biology

SciMo reporter: awards and the EV71 story

EV71_AtomicStructure-ScienceMojo

Last year was a big year for Science Mojo’s reporter. A multimedia story about an outbreak of a common retrovirus that affects young children (EV71) was:

  • picked up by Fairfax Media, a major Australian media company
  • featured in awards ceremonies from the Australian publishing industry.

Ossie Awards for Student Journalism 2013

Best Online Story – Highly commended

Melbourne Press Club – 2013 Student Journalist of the Year

One of four students shortlisted from over 30 entries

The Citizen Newsroom Awards

Best News Report – Winner

To view the multimedia story (text, graphics and video) in The Citizen, see below:

Health officials alerted as five struck down, paralysed by emerging strain of EV71 virus by Julie Milland

The shorter version of the text was also co-published by Fairfax (The Age and Sydney Morning Herald) in print and online across Australia:

Five children hit by polio-like paralysis by Julie Milland

And there was a follow-up article in Fairfax publications

EV71 virus linked to death of fourth child by Melissa Davey and Julie Milland

Great science reads: Does “brain porn” fail the test?

“Brain porn” is a term given to the simplistic (and reductionist) thinking that leads to attempts to use neuroscience (especially brain-scanning technologies) to explain the way the human brain works. This recent suite of articles discusses neuroscience, neuroscientists and the complexity involved in describing the human brain.

1. Let’s kick things off with a swift kick to the idea that neuroscience can explain nearly everything, including voting for the Republicans (Quart’s example in this first article) and even playing poker (as Blum mentions in article 5 below).

Neuroscience: under attack by Alissa Quart at The New York Times

2. This piece runs through some of the issues around drawing too many conclusions from brain imaging. I will paste a quotation from this article below because it is relevant to article number three in this selection:

“Scientists are also still struggling to construct theories about how arrays of individual neurons relate complex behaviors, even in principle. Neuroscience has yet find its Newton, let alone its Einstein.”

Neuroscience fiction by Gary Marcus at The New Yorker

3. This article picks up on the theme of a neuroscience equivalent for Newton.

Does Neuroscience need a Newton? by Scicurious at Scientific American blogs

4. If you want a great run-down of some neuroscience history along with the Newton-like nominees for neuroscience, read this piece.

Nominees for the Newton of neuroscience by Zen Faulkes at NeuroDojo

5. As you can tell from the title of this piece, we finish with a journalistic angle to the “brain porn” debate.

Winter of discontent: Is the hot affair between neuroscience and science journalism cooling down? by Deborah Blum at Knight Science Journalism at MIT

Great science reads of the fortnight – Dec 1 2012

1. We’ve all heard of “white noise” but scientists have uncovered a smell they are calling “olfactory white”. The “white” or bland smell is based on a combination of odours and would probably not be found in nature. But it will help scientists to learn about the human olfactory system and brain.

The whiff of white could hide strong odours by Zoë Corbyn in Nature

2. A jumping spider called Nefertiti recently returned from a 100-day stay at the International Space Station. The experiment, devised by 18-year-old Egyptian Amr Mohamed, tested whether Nefertiti would be able to adjust her hunting methods in a low-gravity environment and then readjust back on Earth. The video shows how Nefertiti got the hang of hunting in low gravity.

World’s First “Spidernaut” Lands at Smithsonian by the Newsdesk at the Smithsonian

3. Devastating floods have inundated California every 200 years for the last 2000-odd years, according to scientists who analysed sediment deposits. The last flood was in 1861…

Megastorms Could Drown Massive Portions of California by Michael D. Dettinger and B. Lynn Ingram in Scientific American

4. Today is World AIDS Day and discrimination against people with HIV/AIDS still exists. This post discusses some of the history around the stigma attached to infectious diseases.

What can we learn from disease stigma’s long history? by Sara Gorman in PLOS Blogs

5. Severe stress and chronic stress have opposite effects on the behavioural response of animals. This discussion of a study in mice shows scientists edging closer to understanding the physiology of severe stress.

Stressing out really does make it worse by Scicurious in Scientific American Blogs

Great science reads of the week – Nov 17 2012

1. A NASA supercomputer has modelled how winds move aerosols around the Earth. You can see dust (red) from the Sahara, the movement of carbon (green) from fires in Africa and Australia, sea salt (blue) in tornadoes and hurricanes over the Pacific and sulphates (white) from a volcanic eruption. For snapshots of these features or for more information go to this NASA webpage:

Paint by particle by NASA

Video credit: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center.

2. Physics moves forward when new findings conflict with existing theories. But at this early stage, it looks like the Higgs-like particle fits exactly with the existing theory (the Standard Model). But don’t worry, there is still hope that future data will throw up something unexpected.

New Higgs Results Bring Relief – and Disappointment by Michael Moyer at Scientific American

3. I have never felt comfortable with the idea that some people use the “medical model” to fully account for psychological conditions. The medical model would direct a doctor to treat a psychological problem as if it is a physical affliction, like a broken leg. In other words, it all comes down to biology or the physical condition of the brain or body. Read this article for the argument against the medical model of addiction.

Why addiction is NOT a brain disease by Marc Lewis at PLOS Blogs

4. Rappers had their brains scanned in two situations: while they were freestyling and while they were reciting memorised lyrics. Comparing the two sets of brain scans helped researchers to understand the creative process.

Brain scans of rappers shed light on creativity by Daniel Cressey at Nature News

5. Got an opinion on whether exercise should be “slow and long” or “fast and hard”? This article gives you the run-down on the various options for intense exercise.

Fast and furious: intensity is the key to health and fitness by Nigel Stepto and Chris Shaw at The Conversation

Is evolution making us dumber and dumber?

MoJo Musings

My mother and I once had an argument. Actually, we had many arguments but the one I’m talking about involved a hypothetical situation. I argued that if you took a whole lot of people from 2000 years ago and plonked them in our time, they would be able to pick up all the technology we use and have the same intelligence as we do. Even though she couldn’t use the video recorder, she argued that they wouldn’t be able to cope and would have lower intelligence.

I always thought our discussion was pretty obscure but I have just read that, in the absence of my mother, others have carried on the argument.

Professor Gerald Crabtree from Stanford University opens the first of two papers in Trends in Genetics with the following words.

Read more